Isaac Kalina answered the questions about - who gets the benefit from the union of Moscow schools into complexes, and the salary of teachers and principals.
Moscow schoolchildren have many important events ahead. Graduates live on the eve of the Russian State Exams and graduation; the younger kids are more interested in summer and holidays. How does another school year end? What is new in Moscow education in the nearest future for them? There was a conversation on "Business Breakfast" in " RG " with the Minister of the Government of Moscow, the Head of the Moscow City Department of Education, about this and many other topics.
Mr. Kalina! More than three years have passed since the consolidation of schools in the metropolis started. Many spears have been broken around this topic at that time. Can we sum up now what economic impact that Moscow has had?
Isaac Kalina: I want to say right away that in the process of uniting schools into complexes, we solved mainly educational and pedagogical tasks, and economic ones were not set at all. For seven years, the city has been funding schools on a single parameter - the number of students. This means that the cost of the city's education system does not depend on how many schools there are in Moscow.
If we still talk about the economic effect of enlargement, we should ask the question: who is it for? For school teams, this effect was very high. For example, if in 2010 the expenditures for the administrative staff was 20% of the payroll, now they do not exceed 4%.
There was a redistribution of budget money from school administrators and us, officials, to teachers working with children, which, of course, is extremely important.
Mainly due to this, teachers' salaries have been rising in the metropolis for the past seven years. The first two years - in 2011-2012 - they rose mainly due to the increase in funding for the industry by about 60%. So then the school itself became quite cost-effective. Its leaders, teachers understand that nobody will take allocated money away from them, but they won’t get extra money comparing to the others. So, we need to work more economically and efficiently. So, this is actually done. Another example: while housing tariffs have increased by almost 70% over the past seven years, utility costs per student in the city have decreased by 5% during this time. The saved money is spent on equipping the educational process and being invested in teachers, whom the quality of students’ education depends on.
What's the average teacher's salary now?
Isaac Kalina: We are more interested in what is called the decile coefficient in mathematics. This is the ratio of the average salary of the 10% highest paid to 10% lowest-paid workers. Moreover, we even correlate the Director's salary formula not with the average salary at school, but with the average salary of 50% of the least paid teachers of his school. Differentiation in wages, of course, is necessary if we want to move forward, but, as physics says, if the potential difference exceeds the resistance of the circuit, then there is a short circuit. Therefore, it is important that this difference does not cause strong social tension. And today the differentiation in salaries has become much smaller.
We achieved in 2017 that the vast majority of full-time working teachers receives at least 64 thousand rubles per month. In 2018, the Directors were tasked to increase this sum to at least 68 thousand rubles. If we talk about the average salary of a teacher, in 2017 it was 86 thousand rubles, in the first quarter of 2018-about 89 thousand. At the same time, we must not forget that the first quarter involves February 23rd and March 8th, payments of bonuses are made for the holidays, so it is unlikely that the first quarter is very indicative.
Does this sum include the salaries of school principals?
Isaak Kalina: Neither Director’s salary nor ours (officials of the Department of Education) has the connection to the calculation of the teacher’s average salary.
How much do the Principals get?
Isaac Kalina: the average salary of a principal is about three times the average salary of a teacher. At the same time, the formula by which the work of Moscow school Principal is paid can be seen on the website "School of the big city".
And what did the students and their parents gain from the consolidation?
Isaac Kalina: Each Moscow family has a unique opportunity to choose the direction of education that the child is interested in. Moreover, it can be done in one and the same school, which can boast only a few educational institutions around the world. The fact is that the number of areas in which the student can learn has increased dramatically in the complexes. When it comes to specialized education, he can choose between the advanced study of Mathematics, Literature, Economics, foreign language...
Pre-professional education is cadet, medical, engineering, and academic classes. Additional education allows us to develop creative tendencies of a child - to learn to sing, dance, draw, etc. There is such a wide variety of activities throughout Moscow.
If in 2010 the city had only 1% of schools with more than three different profiles, now there are no schools with fewer. Many have four and five profiles.
Why is it important? For example, the child went to the cadet class, studied for two years. Then he realized that he wanted to be an engineer, not a soldier. To go to another-engineering class - for him in his own school is not a big deal, had it been a highly specialized institution, it would be a problem. This is the main socio-pedagogical effect of the unification of schools, which is only upgraded. You mentioned additional education. Yes, most schools do have drama clubs, Chinese language clubs, and many others. The list can be very long. But more often classes are offered for a fee.
Is there a minimum of additional classes that are free of charge? And in general, the ratio between paid and free additional education is regulated by some document or is it all given to the school Principal?
Isaac Kalina: There is such a document - a decree of the President of Russia, which clearly states that 75% of children should be involved in additional education. At least half of this amount must be on a budget basis. In Moscow, the city pays for about 76% of additional classes, and only the remaining 24% is paid by the parents themselves.
But I would note that Moscow moms and dads do not hesitate to pay for their children and larger amount of money not only in public institutions but private as well - for the various clubs, workshops, etc. That is, the effective demand of the Moscow parents on developmental services is now much higher than supply public schools. And this is despite the fact that we have a huge property complex, excellent material resources, equipment. Probably, under such conditions, schools should win against private organizations, and we, alas, still lose…
Are you setting a goal to win this competition?
Isaac Kalina: In the future, maybe. Now there are more important tasks. First of all, to ensure the highest quality of general education, getting better results at the exam, the Olympiads... Let me remind you, until 2009, Moscow had a unique position. She has not participated in the Russian State Exam. Let's face it: in the metropolis, where there are hundreds of universities, it was much easier to find a Dean who could help your child become a student. He could be your neighbor or live in the country house next to yours. You could find such person according to the announcement “Math courses for the University entry", and then indicated a specific University. So it is clear why the Moscow community-both professional and parental-was not very happy about the prospect of entering the State Exam.
Indeed, after the State exam establishment, the enrollment of the graduates in Moscow to the prestigious Universities on a budget basis decreased dramatically. They began to lose to the strongest graduates from regions. The best try to come to Moscow! This was a serious blow to the budget of Moscow families - they had only extra-budgetary places that had to be paid. What has happened in the past seven years due to the changes we are talking about? The number of students who score 250 points - a competitive number for admission to the leading Universities on a good specialty in Moscow increased from 1.6 thousand in the year 2010 to 7.5 million in 2017. The number of winners of Olympiads that have a right to apply for budgetary places without examination increased as well from 278 to 817. This year, to my mind, they will be even more.
The proportion of students that entered budget places had also increased, didn’t it?
Isaac Kalina: Yes, in MIPT, for example, from 7 to 25%, Sechenov University - from 10 to 30%. This is in the leading Universities of the country! This means that our Moscow graduates have become competitive with the strongest graduates from all over Russia.